Dick Ruffin, a native of Virginia, USA, was educated at Yale and Oxford, where he was a Rhodes Scholar. He was an officer in the U.S. Navy during the Vietnam War and served as a systems analyst on the staff of the Secretary of Defense. He volunteered with Moral Re-Armament in the 1970s and was its Executive Director in the United States for 23 years. In the late 1980s, he launched consultations for the international work of MRA that led to the creation of the International Council, the change of name to Initiatives of Change and the founding of IofC International, of which he was Executive Vice President for 8 years. He is retired and lives with his wife in Amissville, Virginia.